An essay on queen elizabeths anti spanish and catholicism reign in england

The choice of state religion would have political consequences, whatever the decision. She liked to surround herself with attractive people and her portraits were carefully vetted to make sure that no physical flaws were ever revealed.

Elizabeth was taught the art of public speaking, unheard of for women at the time. It immediately began to take on religious overtones that were absent from the first two wars, which were seen primarily as trade wars.

catholic persecution in england

Reports from spies in Spain about the impending Armada only made a campaign against the Catholics more vigorous. I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a King of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any Prince of Europe should dare to invade the borders of my realm.

Queen elizabeth 1

Charles must have thought a joint Anglo-French naval and military assault on the Netherlands would result in a quick victory, but there was no quick victory. When no invasion came, the nation rejoiced. As the political landscape in Europe changed, the Queen knew that she would need room to manoeuvre. The price the king paid for this war was enormous. But Elizabeth had other ideas. It was mainly the minor peers or gentry, who did not wish to take part in English political life, who retained their Catholic faith. No matter that the entertainment at Kenilworth practically bankrupted him. Elizabeth was a different kind of Queen: quick-witted, clever and able to use feminine wiles to get her own way. Returning to Protestantism would align England with the Dutch, its main trading partner, but risked antagonising Spain, the most powerful nation in the world. In the 's, Devon court officials ran an illegal protection racket where 80 Catholics paid a yearly fee to avoid presentment at court. The public sympathized with the rioters. Houses were even converted into the shape of an 'E' to flatter her. Elizabeth was clever to encourage this degree of devotion. On May 25, , the Commons took the unusual step of demanding the king enter into a defensive and offensive alliance with the States General and passed a bill refusing supply until such an alliance had been concluded. She was ahead of her time in her grasp of public relations, and her popularity had remained undimmed.

The sixteenth century was also a time when the poor became poorer, books and opinions were censored, and plots to overthrow the Queen were rife. Although Ireland was one of her two kingdoms, Elizabeth faced a hostile, and in places virtually autonomous, [] Irish population that adhered to Catholicism and was willing to defy her authority and plot with her enemies.

queen elizabeth 1 successor

Henry's succession was strongly contested by the Catholic League and by Philip II, and Elizabeth feared a Spanish takeover of the channel ports. A new era was dawning, the age of Elizabeth I.

Who raised queen elizabeth

The poor performance of the French navy in contrast with the spectacular success of the French army seemed to prove this point to many of the English. Elizabeth was clever to encourage this degree of devotion. The Position of Catholics in Restoration England Given this re-occurring theme of anti-Catholicism throughout the seventeenth century in England, an examination of the position of Catholics in Restoration England is now necessary to see how it fits into the pattern of English anti-Catholicism. They were also a point of contact between high and low society. Protestants were persecuted and a number were executed as heretics. However, Charles did not share these growing anti-French opinions of the English public. The couple took Elizabeth into their household at Chelsea.
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Elizabeth I of England