However, according to him, there is less duality, in the sense of opposition, than synthesis one is the limit of the other and the effort of synthesis is constant according to him, like in his first formula, in which the first member pertains to mechanics and the second to optics: m.

For further information, you can view a pre-review copy of a paper on Common pedagogical issues with de Broglie waves: moving double slits, composite mass and clock synchronization.

I think that, of all the ideas that I've introduced in quantum theory in these past years, it's that idea that is, by far, the most important and the most profound. Incidentally, this rejection of the hypothesis of a massless photon enabled him to doubt the hypothesis of the expansion of the universe.

Consider a large, horizontal circular disk, from which identical weights are suspended on springs. This ensemble of systems is a crude analogue to a parcel of energy as we imagine it to be.

De Broglie gave a verbal description of a "mechanical analogy" of his waves. His last work made a single system of laws from the two large systems of thermodynamics and of mechanics: When Boltzmann and his continuators developed their statistical interpretation of Thermodynamics, one could have considered Thermodynamics to be a complicated branch of Dynamics.

However, although such notions as "de Broglie wavelength" and "wave-particle duality" form the basis of the standard quantum theory, it actually only takes for granted postulates the formula for the particle wavelength and totally ignores the underlying causal, realistic and physically transparent picture of wave-particle dynamics outlined by Louis de Broglie in his thesis and further considerably developed in his later works, in the form of "double solution" and "hidden thermodynamics" theory.

Kirilyuk Submitted on 25 Nov v1last revised 25 Nov this version, v2 Abstract: A physically real wave associated with any moving particle and travelling in a surrounding material medium was introduced by Louis de Broglie in a series of short notes in and in a more complete form in his thesis defended in Paris on the 25th November To view the animations, click on one of the images below.

Originally, de Broglie thought that real wave i. Duality of the laws of nature[ edit ] Far from claiming to make "the contradiction disappear" which Max Born thought could be achieved with a statistical approach, de Broglie extended wave—particle duality to all particles and to crystals which revealed the effects of diffraction and extended the principle of duality to the laws of nature.

The de Broglie—Bohm theory is today the only interpretation giving real status to matter-waves and representing the predictions of quantum theory. In addition, he believed that the true mass of particles is not constant, but variable, and that each particle can be represented as a thermodynamic machine equivalent to a cyclic integral of action.

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Louis de Broglie